This tool is derived from the Sandhi Splitter developed by the
Samskrit Studies Department
of the University of Hyderabad. Initially a simple port from Perl to Python, it is now a work-in-progress
research project pending future improvement.
Please type in a Samskrit form to be split (in Devanagari or WX) and click "Submit":
Introduction to Sandhi
Every language has a set of sounds that is used to make words and sentences.
Usually, the sounds are quite easy to pronounce, especially for native speakers.
But even though the sounds might be easy to say when they're separate, it can be quite
difficult to say some of them when they're put together, especially when speaking quickly!
Sanskrit speakers faced these exact problems, and they did what people everywhere did with
their own languages: in one place or another, they started to simplify their pronunciation.
These simplifications did not happen everywhere, but they certainly did in ordinary speech.
The early Sanskrit grammarians, trying to study their own language and preserve it for the
future, gave a single name to the set of all of these changes: sandhi.
The word "sandhi," more properly written as saṃdhi, means "junction" or "combination."
It refers to the "combination" of two sounds that sit next to each other. The word "sandhi"
was borrowed into English, where it refers to the same sorts of changes in any language.
So, we can talk about English sandhi, Chinese sandhi, Latin sandhi, and so on.
The concept of "sandhi" might seem strange to you. Fortunately, English shows some signs of
sandhi rules. For example, consider three English words that are borrowed from Latin:
"indirect," "impossible," and "illuminate." Each of these words starts with "in," but the
"n" of this "in" has changed to more closely match the letter that follows it.
Note that the pronunciation and spelling of these words have both changed. The same thing
happens in Sanskrit, and if sandhi is applied in a text, we must write out all of the changes.
In the oldest parts of the Vedas, sandhi changes do not uniformly occur. That is, a change
can appear once in one sentence and not at all in the next. But in the later form of the
language — the form that we're studying today — the grammar of the language is more
consistent. With the rare exception, all Sanskrit texts apply the sandhi rules.